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Police Dogs At Work

Posted by Richard Massafra on

Dogs Used by the Police Department

The Police dog deserves a section to themselves. The majority of police departments around the world use police dogs for all types of work. A police dog is actually considered an officer and in some parts of the world, killing a police dog is considered a felony.

The first reported police dogs where Bloodhounds and they were used in Europe in the 18th Century. They surfaced again during World War II when many European countries began training dogs for military and police like jobs. Police dogs or K-9’s did not appear in the United States until the 1970’s.

The most often seen dog used by the police department is the German Shepherd. This is because they have a good sense of smell, can show aggression, are loyal and are trainable. Plus they are strong, have courage and great stamina levels.

Police Dog Breeds

Some police departments have used Rottweiler’s, Doberman’s and Labrador Retrievers. Labs have a great sense of smell and love to be trained but they don’t often show as much aggression as a German Shepherd.

Another dog that has gained popularity in recent years is the Belgian Malinois.  It is a herding dog with much energy and is trainable, intelligent and adaptable.

Police dogs are often referred to has K-9 officers. Why does the police department use them? Because they can perform lots of jobs better than a regular officer can.

One of the most obvious would be their ability to smell out things, as we discussed above. A dog’s sense of smell is about 50 times sharper than a humans. Plus their sense of smell is not distracted by other smells around them. Bloodhounds and Beagles are fantastic dogs for sniffing things out!


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A dog can easily provoke a sense of fear in someone and this is another plus in their favor. A growling, snarling dog can easily intimidate any criminal quickly! More suspects usually surrender when confronted by a police dog.

Dogs can easily move across terrain and jump fences more quickly than a police officer. A dog can leap over a fence and knock a suspect to the ground ahead of the officer.

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